Crown Heights is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York Cityborough of Brooklyn. The main thoroughfare through this neighborhood is Eastern Parkway, a tree-lined boulevard designed by Frederick Law Olmsted extending two miles (3 km) east-west.
Originally, the area was known as Crow Hill. It was a
succession of hills running east and west from Utica Avenue to Classon
Avenue, and south to Empire Boulevard and New York Avenue. The name was changed when Crown Street was cut through in 1916.
Crown Heights today is bounded by Washington Avenue (to the west), Atlantic Avenue
(to the north), Howard Avenue (to the east) and Empire Boulevard (to
the south). It is about two miles (3 km) long and two miles (3 km) deep.
These neighborhoods border Crown Heights: Prospect Heights (to the west); Flatbush (to the south); Brownsville (to the southeast); and Bedford-Stuyvesant (to the north).
Although no known evidence remains in the Crown Heights vicinity, prior to the European colonization of the Americas large portions of what is now called Long Island including present-day Brooklyn were occupied by the Lenape, (later renamed Delaware Indians by the Europeancolonizers). The Lenape lived in communities of bark- or grass-covered wigwams,
and in their larger settlements—typically located on high ground
adjacent to fresh water, and occupied in the fall, winter, and
spring—they fished, harvested shellfish, trapped animals, gathered wild
fruits and vegetables, and cultivated corn, tobacco, beans, and other
By 1630, Dutch and English colonists started moving into the western end of Long Island. In 1637, Joris Jansen de Rapalje purchased about 335 acres (1.36 km2) around Wallabout Bay and over the following two years, Director Kieft of the Dutch West India Company purchased title to nearly all the land in what is now Kings County and Queens County from the indigenous inhabitants.
Finally, the areas around present-day Crown Heights saw its first European settlements starting in about 1661/1662 when several men each received, from Governor Pieter Stuyvesant and the Directors of the Dutch West India Company what was described as “a
parcel of free (unoccupied) woodland there” on the condition that they
situate their houses “within one of the other concentration, which would
suit them best, but not to make a hamlet.”
Crown Heights had begun as a posh residential neighborhood, a "bedroom" for Manhattan's growing bourgeois class. The area benefited by having its rapid transit in a subway configuration (the IRT line underneath Eastern Parkway), in contrast to many other Brooklyn neighborhoods that had elevated lines. Conversion to a commuter town also included tearing down the 19th century Kings County Penitentiary at Carroll Street and Nostrand Avenue.
Beginning in the early 1900s, many upper-class residences, including characteristic brownstone
buildings, were erected along Eastern Parkway. Away from the parkway
were a mixture of lower middle-class residences. This development peaked
in the 1920s. Before World War II
Crown Heights was among New York City's premier neighborhoods, with
tree-lined streets, an array of cultural institutions and parks, and
numerous fraternal, social and community organizations.
changes began in the 1920s with newcomers from Jamaica and the West
Indies, as well as African Americans from the South.
During the '40s, '50s and '60s, many middle class Jews lived in Crown
Heights. In 1950, the neighborhood was 89 percent white, with a small
but growing black population. Some 50- 60 percent of the white
population, about 75,000 people, were Jewish. By 1957, there were about
25,000 blacks in Crown Heights, about one fourth of the population. There were thirty-four large synagogues in the neighborhood, including the Bobov, Chovevei Torah, and 770 Eastern Parkway, home of the worldwide Lubavitch movement. There were also three prominent Yeshiva
Big Apple Chimney“The
Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists” are Fully, Licensed, Insured and Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors.
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Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
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We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
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