Roosevelt Island, known as Welfare Island from 1921 to 1973, and before that Blackwell's Island, is a narrow island in the East River of New York City. It lies between the island of Manhattan to its west and the borough of Queens
to its east. Running from Manhattan's East 46th to East 85th streets,
it is about two miles (3 km) long, with a maximum width of 800 feet
(240 m), and a total area of 147 acres (0.59 km2). The island is part of the Borough of Manhattan (New York County). Together with Mill Rock, Roosevelt Island constitutes Manhattan's Census Tract 238, which has a land area of 0.279 sq mi (0.72 km2). and had a population of 9,520 in 2000 according to the US Census. The Roosevelt Island Operating Corporation estimated its population was about 12,000 in 2007.
Roosevelt Island is owned by the city, but was leased to the state of New York's Urban Development Corporation
for 99 years in 1969. Most of the residential buildings on Roosevelt
Island are rental buildings. There is also a cooperative (Rivercross)
and a condominium building (Riverwalk). One rental building (Eastwood)
has left New York State's Mitchell-Lama Housing Program,
though current residents are still protected. Three other buildings are
now working toward privatization, including the cooperative.
small, Roosevelt Island has a distinguished architectural history. It
has several architecturally significant buildings, and has been the site
of numerous important unbuilt architectural competitions and proposals.
The island's master plan, adopted by the New York State Urban Development Corporation in 1969, was developed by the firm of Philip Johnson and John Burgee.
The plan divided the island into three residential communities, and is
noteworthy because it forbade the use of automobiles on the island; the
plan intended for residents to park their cars in a large garage and use
public transportation to get around. Another innovation was the plan's
development of a 'mini-school system,' in which classrooms for the
island's public intermediate school were distributed among all the
residential buildings in a campus-like fashion (as opposed to being
centralized in one large building).
The first phase of Roosevelt Island's development was called
"Northtown." It consists of four housing complexes: Westview, Island
House, Rivercross, and Eastwood (also known as the WIRE buildings).
Rivercross is a Mitchell-Lama
co-op, while the rest of the buildings in Northtown are rentals.
Eastwood, the largest apartment complex on the island, and Westview were
designed by noted architect Josep Lluis Sert, then dean of Harvard Graduate School of Design.
Eastwood, along with Peabody Terrace (in Cambridge, Massachusetts), is a
prime example of Sert's investigations into high-rise multiple-dwelling
residential buildings. It achieves a remarkable level of efficiency by
triple-loading corridors with duplex apartment units, such that
elevators and public corridors are only needed every three floors.
Island House and Rivercross were designed by Johansen & Bhavnani.
The two developments were noteworthy for their use of pre-fabricated
Subsequent phases of the island's development have been less
innovative, architecturally. Northtown Phase II was developed by the
Starrett Corporation and designed by the firm, Gruzen Samton, in a
pseudo-historical post-modern style. It was completed in 1989, over a
decade after Northtown. Southtown, also designed by Gruzen Samton, is
the third phase of the island's development. It was not started until
1998, and is still in the process of development.
As of February 2011, Buildings 1 through 6 have been completed.
Residential development of Southtown has brought new retail businesses
to Roosevelt Island, including a Starbucks and a Duane Reade.
Roosevelt Island, which is known for its limited variety of
restaurants, has also gained two new restaurants as a result of
Southtown development: Nonno's Foccaceria and Fuji East.
one of the island’s six landmarks, was restored in 2006. Originally
designed by Alexander Jackson Davis in 1839 as part of the New York
The national landmark and LEED Silver green building is now a high-end
apartment community. It also houses the largest array of solar panels on
any building in New York City.
In 2006, ENYA (Emerging New York Architects) made the island's
abandoned southern end the subject of one of its annual competitions.
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists”
are Fully, Licensed, Insured and
Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and
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Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the
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Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services,
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will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete
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We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and
Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney
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reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with
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Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
Big Apple Chimney can remove and replace your current chimney lining, and install a stainless steel liner in your chimney flue in such case that your old liner is shifting, crumbling, collapsing, collapsed, or non-existent. chimney flue repair, restoration, installation in Brooklyn and New York City is a task we have completed in thousands of homes and buildings, we can reline your chimney or give you all available options regarding your particular situation. We will do the “right job” and offer you only the legal and code compliant options for your chimney flue and fireplace needs.
We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
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