Turtle Bay, so named in the 17th century, was a valuable shelter from
the often harsh weather of the East River, and it also became a
thriving site for shipbuilding. The Turtle Bay neighborhood was
originally a 40 acre (160,000 m²) grant given to two Englishmen by the Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam
in 1639, and named "Turtle Bay Farm". On a knoll overlooking the cove,
near 41st Street, the farmhouse was purchased as a summer retreat by
Francis Bayard, and in the early 19th century remained the summer villa of Francis Bayard Winthrop. Turtle Creek, or DeVoor's Mill Creek emptied into the cove at what is now 47th Street. To the south lay Kip's Bay
farm; to the north, on a bluff, stood James Beekman's "Mount Pleasant",
the first of a series of houses and villas with water views stretching
away up the shoreline. After the street grid system was initiated in
Manhattan, the hilly landscape of the Turtle Bay Farm was graded to
create cross-streets and the land was subdivided for residential
An army enrollment office was established at Third Avenue and 46th Street, after the first Draft Act was passed during the American Civil War. On July 13, 1863, an angry mob burned the office to the ground and proceeded to riot through the surrounding neighborhood, destroying entire blocks. The New York Draft Riots continued for three days before army troops managed to contain the mob, which had burned and looted much of the city.
After the war's end, the formerly pastoral Turtle Bay neighborhood was developed with brownstones.
By 1868 the bay had been entirely filled in by commercial
overdevelopment, packed with breweries, gasworks, slaughterhouses,
cattle pens, coal yards and railroad piers. With an infusion of poor immigrants in the later part of the 19th century, and the opening of the elevated train
lines along Second and Third Avenues, the neighborhood went into decay
with crumbling tenement buildings. Much of it was restored in the 1920s,
and a large communal garden was established. The huge Waterside Station
of the Consolidated Edison Company, producing 367,000 kilowatts of electricity in its coal-fired plant, marked the southern boundary of the neighborhood. By the 1930s, Turtle Bay was "a riverside back yard" for the city, as the WPA Guide to New York City
(1939) described it: "huge industrial enterprises— breweries,
laundries, abattoirs, power plants— along the water front face squalid
tenements not far away from new apartment dwellings attracted to the
section by its river view and its central position. The numerous plants
shower this district with the heaviest sootfall in the city— 150 tons to
the square mile annually". The blighted stretch of sooty darkness beneath the Third Avenue El (demolished 1956) separated the neighborhood from Midtown Manhattan.
Charlotte Hunnewell Sorchan saw promise in the run-down rowhouses of
Turtle Bay; in 1918 she purchased eleven houses on the south side of
49th Street and nine on the north side of 48th Street, between 2nd and
3rd Avenues; within two years she had renovated the enclave called Turtle Bay Gardens.
Her architects refaced the brownstone street-fronts with pale stucco,
and rearranged the interiors so that service rooms faced the noisy
street and living areas faced inwards, where the individual back yards
were arranged so that each opens into to a common garden of trees and
shrubs down the center.
Having married Walton Martin, she then sold the houses to friends at
cost, with property restrictions that kept the commons secure. Among the
first purchasers was Maria Bowen Chapin, founder of the Chapin School. Celebrity residents since have included actors Katharine Hepburn, June Havoc, Ricardo Montalban and Tyrone Power, writer-director Garson Kanin, composer Stephen Sondheim, jurist Learned Hand, conductor Leopold Stokowski, editor Maxwell Perkins, publisher Henry Luce, journalists Dorothy Thompson and E. B. White, who wrote Charlotte's Web when living on 48th Street. It was designated the Turtle Bay Gardens Historic District in 1966.
The clearing of 18 acres (73,000 m2) of slaughterhouses for the construction of the UN Headquarters
in 1948, largely completed by 1952, and the removal of the elevated
trains opened the neighborhood up for high-rise office buildings and
condominiums. In 1957, the Turtle Bay Association
was formed by residents and property owners in hopes of guiding the
development to maintain the neighborhood's quality of life. The
Association's efforts have resulted in more park and landscaping
development, creating the neighborhood's tree-lined and relatively quiet
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists”
are Fully, Licensed, Insured and
Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and
Manhattan in New York, We also service the New York Metropolitan Area. Our
Chimney and Fireplace Experts Specialize in Chimneys and Fireplaces for Pre-War
Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the
Chimney & Fireplace business over 20 years. We are a Better Business Bureau
(BBB) accredited business with an A rating since 2006.
Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services,
H.V.A.C, Masonry, Roofing and Complete Historical Restoration Services. We
employ Master Masons, Master Carpenters, Licensed Plumbers and Licensed
will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete
Big Apple Chimney today at 212-785-9788
to speak to our Chimney and Fireplace Specialists and request a free estimate.
We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and
Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney
or fireplace. We correct all Violations, if your heat has been turned off due to bad conditions, such as a
blockage, a carbon monoxide leak, a draft, flue spillage, leaking soot or
water, etc. Our Emergency Service crew is guaranteed to restore your Boiler or
Hot Water Heater after a turn off. We are fully qualified to repair and restore
your heat in the case of a gas, oil or electric company shut-off! We can also
restore your heat and hot water if the Fire Dept., E.P.A. or any other city,
state or federal government agency has shut you down. We also provide a full
range of inspection services (including but not limited to infra-red camera
scanning, carbon monoxide detection), smoke and air flow testing services,
reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with
their unequaled experience in brownstone and pre-war buildings to provide their
clients with the best chimney and fireplace service in NYC.)
Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
Big Apple Chimney can remove and replace your current chimney lining, and install a stainless steel liner in your chimney flue in such case that your old liner is shifting, crumbling, collapsing, collapsed, or non-existent. chimney flue repair, restoration, installation in Brooklyn and New York City is a task we have completed in thousands of homes and buildings, we can reline your chimney or give you all available options regarding your particular situation. We will do the “right job” and offer you only the legal and code compliant options for your chimney flue and fireplace needs.
We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
WE ARE A FULL SERVICE GENERAL CONTRACTING FIRM [H.I.C.L. 1174732/ H.I.S.L.1174729] Business Integrity Commission Registration #2590
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