Once known as the 'Silk Stocking District', it retains its position as one of the most affluent neighborhoods of New York City.
Before the arrival of Europeans, the mouths of streams that eroded gullies in the East River bluffs are conjectured to have been the sites of fishing camps used by the Lenape, whose controlled burns once a generation or so kept the dense canopy of oak-hickory forest open at ground level.
In the 19th century the farmland and market garden district of what was to be the Upper East Side was still traversed by the Boston Post Road and, from 1837, the New York and Harlem Railroad,
which brought straggling commercial development around its one station
in the neighborhood, at 86th Street, which became the heart of German Yorkville. The area was defined by the attractions of the bluff overlooking the East River, which ran without interruption from James William Beekman's "Mount Pleasant", north of the marshy squalor of Turtle Bay, to Gracie Mansion, north of which the land sloped steeply to the wetlands that separated this area from the suburban village of Harlem.
Among the series of villas a Schermerhorn country house overlooked the
river at the foot of present-day 73rd Street and another, Peter
Schermerhorn's at 66th Street, and the Riker homestead was similarly sited at the foot of 75th Street. By the mid-19th century the farmland had largely been subdivided, with the exception of the 150 acres (0.61 km2) of Jones's Wood, stretching from 66th to 76th Streets and from the Old Post Road (Third Avenue) to the river and the farmland inherited by James Lenox, who divided it into blocks of houselots in the 1870s, built his Lenox Library on a Fifth Avenue lot at the farm's south-west corner, and donated a full square block for the Presbyterian Hospital, between 70th and 71st Streets, and Madison and Park Avenues. At that time, along the Boston Post Road taverns stood at the
mile-markers, Five-Mile House at 72nd Street and Six-Mile House at 97th,
a New Yorker recalled in 1893.
The fashionable future of the narrow strip between Central Park and
the railroad cut was established at the outset by the nature of its
entrance, in the southwest corner, north of the Vanderbilt family's favored stretch of Fifth Avenue in the 50s.
A row of handsome townhouses was built on speculation by Mary Mason
Jones, who owned the entire block bounded by 57th and 58th Streets and
Fifth and Madison; in 1870 she occupied the prominent corner house at
57th and Fifth, though not in the isolation described by her niece, Edith Wharton:
"It was her habit to sit in a window of her sitting room on the
ground floor, as if watching calmly for life and fashion to flow
northward to her solitary door... She was sure that presently the
quarries, the wooden greenhouses in ragged gardens, the rocks from which
goats surveyed the scene, would vanish before the advance of residences
as stately as her own."
Wharton's picture has been uncritically accepted as history, Christopher Gray has pointed out.
Before the Park Avenue railroad cut was covered (finished in 1910), fashionable New Yorkers shunned the smoky railroad trench up Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue), to build stylish mansions and townhouses on the large lots along Fifth Avenue, facing Central Park, and on the adjacent side streets. The latest arrivals were the rich Pittsburghers Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick. The classic phase of Gilded Age
Fifth Avenue as a stretch of private mansions was not long-lasting: the
first apartment house to replace a private mansion on upper Fifth
Avenue was 907 Fifth Avenue (1916), at 72nd Street, the neighborhood's grand carriage entrance to Central Park.
Construction of the 3rd Avenue El, opened from 1878 in sections, followed by the 2nd Avenue El,
opened in 1880, linked the Upper East Side's middle class and skilled
artisans closely to the heart of the city, and confirmed the modest
nature of the area to their east. The ghostly "Hamilton Square", which
had appeared as one of the few genteel interruptions of the grid plan on
city maps since the Commissioners' Plan of 1811,
was intended to straddle what had now become the Harlem Railroad
right-of-way between 66th and 69th Streets; it never materialized,
though during the Panic of 1857
its unleveled ground was the scene of an open-air mass meeting called
in July to agitate for the secession of the city and its neighboring
counties from New York State, and the city divided its acreage into
house lots and sold them. From the 1880s Yorkville, as it was known, extended eastwards toward the river and westwards past Lexington Avenue; Yorkville became a suburb of middle-class Germans, many of whom worked in nearby piano factories, stables, and breweries.
Gracie Mansion, the last remaining suburban villa overlooking the East River, became the home of New York's mayor in 1942. The East River Drive,
designed by Robert Moses, was extended southwards from the first
section, from 125th Street to 92nd Street, which was completed in 1934
as a boulevard, an arterial highway running at street level;
reconstruction designs from 1948 to 1966 converted FDR Drive, as it was renamed after Franklin Delano Roosevelt, into the full limited-access parkway that is in use today.
Demolishing the els on Third and Second opened the avenues of tenements to the spotty construction of high-rise apartment blocks from the 1950s.
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists”
are Fully, Licensed, Insured and
Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and
Manhattan in New York, We also service the New York Metropolitan Area. Our
Chimney and Fireplace Experts Specialize in Chimneys and Fireplaces for Pre-War
Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the
Chimney & Fireplace business over 20 years. We are a Better Business Bureau
(BBB) accredited business with an A rating since 2006.
Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services,
H.V.A.C, Masonry, Roofing and Complete Historical Restoration Services. We
employ Master Masons, Master Carpenters, Licensed Plumbers and Licensed
will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete
Big Apple Chimney today at 212-785-9788
to speak to our Chimney and Fireplace Specialists and request a free estimate.
We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and
Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney
or fireplace. We correct all Violations, if your heat has been turned off due to bad conditions, such as a
blockage, a carbon monoxide leak, a draft, flue spillage, leaking soot or
water, etc. Our Emergency Service crew is guaranteed to restore your Boiler or
Hot Water Heater after a turn off. We are fully qualified to repair and restore
your heat in the case of a gas, oil or electric company shut-off! We can also
restore your heat and hot water if the Fire Dept., E.P.A. or any other city,
state or federal government agency has shut you down. We also provide a full
range of inspection services (including but not limited to infra-red camera
scanning, carbon monoxide detection), smoke and air flow testing services,
reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with
their unequaled experience in brownstone and pre-war buildings to provide their
clients with the best chimney and fireplace service in NYC.)
Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
Big Apple Chimney can remove and replace your current chimney lining, and install a stainless steel liner in your chimney flue in such case that your old liner is shifting, crumbling, collapsing, collapsed, or non-existent. chimney flue repair, restoration, installation in Brooklyn and New York City is a task we have completed in thousands of homes and buildings, we can reline your chimney or give you all available options regarding your particular situation. We will do the “right job” and offer you only the legal and code compliant options for your chimney flue and fireplace needs.
We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
WE ARE A FULL SERVICE GENERAL CONTRACTING FIRM [H.I.C.L. 1174732/ H.I.S.L.1174729] Business Integrity Commission Registration #2590
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