The neighborhood provides transportation, hospital and warehouse infrastructure support to the Midtown Manhattan
business district. Its gritty reputation depressed real estate prices
in the area relative to much of the rest of Manhattan until the early
1990s. Since then, rent prices have increased enormously, with current
rent prices above the Manhattan average.
Once a bastion of poor and working-class Irish Americans,
over the last three decades of the 20th century and into the new
millennium, Hell's Kitchen has undergone change as a result of its
proximity to Midtown. The 1969 edition of the Plan for New York City
book authored by the City Planning Commission stated that people of
modest means were being driven from the area by development pressures
due to the Midtown location. Today, many actors reside in the
neighborhood because it is near the Broadway theaters and Actors Studio training school.
Kitchen" generally refers to the area from 34th to 59th streets.
Starting west of 8th Avenue, city zoning regulations limit buildings to 6
stories high (although exceptions are often made). As a result, most of
the buildings are older, often walk-ups. For the most part the
neighborhood encompasses the ZIP codes 10019 and 10036. The post office for 10019 is called Radio City Station, the original name for Rockefeller Center on Sixth Avenue.
Although the neighborhood is immediately west of New York's main
business district, development lagged for more than 30 years because of
strict zoning rules called the Special Clinton District designed to
protect the neighborhood's low-rise character.
When the third incarnation of Madison Square Garden
at 50th and Eighth Avenue was torn down in 1968, New York developed a
master plan calling for two to three thousand hotel rooms, 25,000
apartments, 25,000,000 square feet (2,300,000 m2) of office
space, and a new super liner terminal in the neighborhood, which it
described as "blocks of antiquated and deteriorating structures of every
sort." During this time a proposal was made to build the world's
tallest building on the Madison Square Garden site and a massive
convention center at 44th Street and the Hudson River.
The District severely restricted development in the neighborhood for
more than 20 years. The world's tallest building was not to rise and its
Madison Square site was to remain a parking lot until 1989.
Provisions of the District:
The SCD was originally split into four areas:
Preservation Area: 43rd to 56th Streets between 8th and 10th
Avenues. R-7 density, 6-story height limit on new buildings, suggested
average apartment size of two bedrooms (this was a response to the fact
that between 1960 and 1970 developers had torn down 2,300 family-sized
units and replaced them with 1,500 smaller units).
Perimeter Area: 8th Avenue, 42nd and 57th Streets. Bulkier development permitted to counterbalance the downzoning in the preservation area.
Mixed Use Area: 10th and 11th Avenues between 43rd and 50th
Streets. Mixed residential and manufacturing. New residential
development only permitted in conjunction with manufacturing areas.
Other Areas: West of 11th Avenue. Industrial and waterfront uses.
The mixed use area and other area are now combined into "Other areas."
Building height in the Preservation Area cannot exceed 66 feet (20 m) or seven stories, whichever is less.
Special permits are required for all demolition and construction in
the SCD, including demolition of "any sound housing in the District" and
any rehabilitation that increases the number of dwellings in a
structure. New developments, conversions, or alterations that create new
units or zero bedroom units must contain at least 20% two bedroom
apartments with a minimum room size of 168 square feet (16 m2).
Alterations that reduce the percentage of two bedroom units are not
permitted unless the resulting building meets the 20% two bedroom
In the original provisions no building could be demolished unless it was found to be unsound.
the gentrification pace increased, there were numerous reports of
problems between landlords and tenants. The most extreme example was the
eight story Windermere complex at the southwest corner of Ninth Avenue
and 57th Street—two blocks from Central Park.
Built in 1881, it is the second-oldest large apartment house in Manhattan.
All the major New York newspapers covered the trials that sent the
Windermere's managers to jail. According to former tenants and court
papers, rooms were ransacked, doors were ripped out, prostitutes were
moved in, and tenants received death threats in the campaign to empty
the building. Its landlord Alan B. Weissman made top billing in the 1985
edition of The Village Voice annual list, "The Dirty Dozen: New York's Worst Landlords, surpassed only by Traill." He too was never convicted of anything.
Most of the tenants eventually settled and moved out of the building.
As of May 2006, seven tenants remained and court orders protecting the
tenants and the building allowed it to remain in derelict condition even
as the surrounding neighborhood was experiencing a dramatic burst of
demolition and redevelopment. Finally, in September 2007, the fire
department evacuated those remaining seven residents from the building
citing dangerous conditions and padlocked the front door. In 2008 the New York State Supreme Court ruled that the owners of the building, who include the Toa Construction Company of Japan, must repair it.
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists”
are Fully, Licensed, Insured and
Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and
Manhattan in New York, We also service the New York Metropolitan Area. Our
Chimney and Fireplace Experts Specialize in Chimneys and Fireplaces for Pre-War
Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the
Chimney & Fireplace business over 20 years. We are a Better Business Bureau
(BBB) accredited business with an A rating since 2006.
Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services,
H.V.A.C, Masonry, Roofing and Complete Historical Restoration Services. We
employ Master Masons, Master Carpenters, Licensed Plumbers and Licensed
will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete
Big Apple Chimney today at 212-785-9788
to speak to our Chimney and Fireplace Specialists and request a free estimate.
We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and
Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney
or fireplace. We correct all Violations, if your heat has been turned off due to bad conditions, such as a
blockage, a carbon monoxide leak, a draft, flue spillage, leaking soot or
water, etc. Our Emergency Service crew is guaranteed to restore your Boiler or
Hot Water Heater after a turn off. We are fully qualified to repair and restore
your heat in the case of a gas, oil or electric company shut-off! We can also
restore your heat and hot water if the Fire Dept., E.P.A. or any other city,
state or federal government agency has shut you down. We also provide a full
range of inspection services (including but not limited to infra-red camera
scanning, carbon monoxide detection), smoke and air flow testing services,
reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with
their unequaled experience in brownstone and pre-war buildings to provide their
clients with the best chimney and fireplace service in NYC.)
Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
Big Apple Chimney can remove and replace your current chimney lining, and install a stainless steel liner in your chimney flue in such case that your old liner is shifting, crumbling, collapsing, collapsed, or non-existent. chimney flue repair, restoration, installation in Brooklyn and New York City is a task we have completed in thousands of homes and buildings, we can reline your chimney or give you all available options regarding your particular situation. We will do the “right job” and offer you only the legal and code compliant options for your chimney flue and fireplace needs.
We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
WE ARE A FULL SERVICE GENERAL CONTRACTING FIRM [H.I.C.L. 1174732/ H.I.S.L.1174729] Business Integrity Commission Registration #2590
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