SoHo is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, notable for being the location of many artists' lofts
and art galleries, and also, more recently, for the wide variety of
stores and shops ranging from trendy boutiques to outlets of upscale
national and international chain stores. The area's history is an
archetypal example of inner-city regeneration and gentrification, encompassing socio-economic, cultural, political and architectural developments.
The name SoHo refers to the area being "SOuth of HOuston
(Street)". This naming convention has become a model for the names of
new and emerging neighborhoods in New York such as NoHo, for "NOrth of HOuston Street", TriBeCa ("TRIangle BElow CAnal Street"), Nolita ("NOrth of Little ITAly"), NoMad ("NOrth of MADison Square"), and DUMBO ("District Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass").
The SoHo-Cast Iron Historic District is contained within the zoned
SoHo neighborhood. Originally ending in the west at the eastern side of
West Broadway and to the east at the western side of Crosby Street, the
SoHo-Cast Iron Historic District was expanded in 2010 to cover most of
West Broadway and to extend east to Lafayette and Centre Streets. The
boundary lines are not straight, and some block-fronts on West Broadway
and Lafayette are excluded from the District.Although the SoHo Alliance, Manhattan Community Board 2 and the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation (GVSHP)
all agree that the western boundary of SoHo north of Broome Street ends
at West Broadway, some have claimed that the current understanding of
the neighborhood extends west to the Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), an area that has traditionally been considered part of the South Village,
which does not share the same zoning and lacks the cast-iron
architecture that characterizes SoHo. More recently, some realtors have
claimed, without evidence, that SoHo extends west to the Hudson River,
including the industrial area called the "Printing District" or, more
recently, "Hudson Square" or "West SoHo".I
the early 19th century, what was to become SoHo was an area of some
farms, rolling hills, streams, and even a swamp at its southern end,
with Federal- and Greek-Revival-style housing. By mid-19th century,
these were replaced by more-solid structures of masonry and cast iron.
It was a lively theater and shopping district, and even home to many
brothels. As the center of the city moved uptown, the quality of the area declined, and became known as Hell's Hundred Acres because of the many fires in the area, an "industrial wasteland", full of sweatshops and small factories in the daytime, empty at night.
SoHo boasts the greatest collection of cast-iron architecture
in the world. Approximately 250 cast iron buildings stand in New York
City and the majority of them are in SoHo. Cast iron was initially used
as a decorative front over a pre-existing building. With the addition of
modern, decorative facades, older industrial buildings were able to
attract new commercial clients. Most of these facades were constructed
during the period from 1840 to 1880. In addition to revitalizing older
structures, buildings in SoHo were later designed to feature the cast
An American architectural innovation, cast iron was cheaper to use
for facades than materials such as stone or brick. Molds of
ornamentation, prefabricated in foundries, were used interchangeably for
many buildings, and a broken piece could be easily recast. The
buildings could be erected quickly; some were built in four months.
Despite the brief construction period, the quality of the cast iron
designs was not sacrificed. Bronze had previously been the metal most
frequently used for architectural detail. Architects found that the
relatively inexpensive cast iron could provide intricately designed
patterns. Classical French and Italian architectural designs were often
used as models for these facades. Because stone was the material
associated with architectural masterpieces, cast iron, painted in
neutral tints such as beige, was used to simulate stone.
There was a profusion of cast iron foundries in New York, including
Badger's Architectural Iron Works, James L. Jackson's Iron Works, and
Cornell Iron Works.
Since the iron was pliable and easily molded, sumptuously curved
window frames were created, and the strength of the metal allowed these
frames considerable height. The once-somber, gas-lit interiors of the
industrial district were flooded with sunlight through the enlarged
windows. The strength of cast iron permitted high ceilings with sleek
supporting columns, and interiors became expansive and functional.
During cast iron's heyday, many architects thought it to be
structurally more sound than steel. It was also thought that cast iron
would be fire-resistant, and facades were constructed over many
interiors built of wood and other flammable materials. When exposed to
heat, cast iron buckled, and later cracked under the cold water used to
extinguish fire. In 1899, a building code mandating that the backing of
cast iron fronts with masonry was passed. Most of the buildings that
stand today are constructed in this way. It was the advent of steel as a
major construction material that brought an end to the cast iron era.
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists”
are Fully, Licensed, Insured and
Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and
Manhattan in New York, We also service the New York Metropolitan Area. Our
Chimney and Fireplace Experts Specialize in Chimneys and Fireplaces for Pre-War
Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the
Chimney & Fireplace business over 20 years. We are a Better Business Bureau
(BBB) accredited business with an A rating since 2006.
Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services,
H.V.A.C, Masonry, Roofing and Complete Historical Restoration Services. We
employ Master Masons, Master Carpenters, Licensed Plumbers and Licensed
will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete
Big Apple Chimney today at 212-785-9788
to speak to our Chimney and Fireplace Specialists and request a free estimate.
We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and
Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney
or fireplace. We correct all Violations, if your heat has been turned off due to bad conditions, such as a
blockage, a carbon monoxide leak, a draft, flue spillage, leaking soot or
water, etc. Our Emergency Service crew is guaranteed to restore your Boiler or
Hot Water Heater after a turn off. We are fully qualified to repair and restore
your heat in the case of a gas, oil or electric company shut-off! We can also
restore your heat and hot water if the Fire Dept., E.P.A. or any other city,
state or federal government agency has shut you down. We also provide a full
range of inspection services (including but not limited to infra-red camera
scanning, carbon monoxide detection), smoke and air flow testing services,
reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with
their unequaled experience in brownstone and pre-war buildings to provide their
clients with the best chimney and fireplace service in NYC.)
Big Apple Chimney is a full service New York City (Manhattan) and Brooklyn based contracting firm specializing in brownstone and pre-war building chimneys and fireplaces. We offer complete masonry services including but not limited to brick pointing, all types of brickwork, chimney crowns, chimney masonry, chimney construction, hand mixed cement and poured concrete, refractory firebrick, heating cement, high temperature smoke chamber cement, tight mortar joints, herringbone designs, (marble, stone, slate, limestone, timber, wood, wooden and custom) fireplace mantles. Fireplace surrounds made from many different materials, shelves and mantels, firewood log storage, mantel cabinets, cast-iron inserts, fireplace dampers, chimney dampers, direct vent, gas fireplaces, wood-burning fireplaces, brick-oven construction and maintenance, venting and ventilation, fresh-air intakes, chimney flashing, chimney caps, gut-renovations, historical fireplace and chimney restoration, chimney repair, heating-ventilating and air conditioning (H.V.A.C). You would be well served to have us involved in your home improvement, renovation or restoration project.
Big Apple Chimney can remove and replace your current chimney lining, and install a stainless steel liner in your chimney flue in such case that your old liner is shifting, crumbling, collapsing, collapsed, or non-existent. chimney flue repair, restoration, installation in Brooklyn and New York City is a task we have completed in thousands of homes and buildings, we can reline your chimney or give you all available options regarding your particular situation. We will do the “right job” and offer you only the legal and code compliant options for your chimney flue and fireplace needs.
We are very experienced in complete chimney and fireplace renovations, repair and restoration of brownstone chimneys and brownstone fireplaces, pre-war chimney and fireplace construction, including all types and variations of carriage house, townhouse, limestone, brownstone, granite, bluestone, brick, double brick, brick and block, solid masonry buildings, wood frame houses, Italian renaissance, Spanish revival, everything from Victorian era to farmhouse and ranch style houses, multi-family dwelling apartment buildings, historic district, landmark commission approved and NYC building code compliant workmanship is what we are best known for.
If you are looking for New York’s Favorite and most well respected chimney and fireplace company, chances are you are looking for Big Apple Chimney. We are the premier chimney builders and fireplace builders in Brooklyn and Manhattan (see: Fireplace New York City). We are very familiar with working with, around and protecting decorative moldings, hardwood floors, parquet floors, wood door frames, arched doorways, window frames, original window cases, cement walls, stair banisters, detailed borders, Art Deco, Venetian plaster, high ceilings and all the other pre-war design elements.
If you have a fireplace, boiler or chimney emergency, it may involve a chimney inspection or a fireplace inspection, either with time tested visual analysis methods or with our infra-red camera technology. If there is water or moisture damaging or accumulating near your chimney flue, you may be in need of our chimney leak repair services. If you have been shut down by a utility company or a city, state or federal agency you may have a chimney code violation, this may be caused a chimney blockage, we can repair your chimney and flue to code compliant status. We are qualified at officially restoring your heat or hot water and making sure all chimney violations are corrected.
We also provide a complete array of chimney maintenance , chimney cleaning, and fireplace cleaning services in Brooklyn and Manhattan, our professional chimney sweeps, and chimney service technicians can help you to prevent creosote build-up, chimney fires, chimney violations, fire code violations and increase and help to ensure your family’s safety from carbon monoxide poisoning. (all homes are required to have CO detectors and smoke alarms installed)
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