By the late 1950s, the once prosperous port area of downtown Manhattan was occupied by a number of dilapidated shipping piers, casualties of the rise of container shipping which drove sea traffic to Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. The initial proposal to reclaim this area through landfill was offered in the early 1960s by private firms and supported by the Mayor. This plan became complicated when Governor Nelson Rockefeller announced his desire to redevelop a part of the area as a separate project. The various groups reached a compromise, and in 1966 the governor unveiled the proposal for what would become Battery Park City. The creation of architect Wallace K. Harrison, the proposal called for a 'comprehensive community' consisting of housing, social infrastructure and light industry. The landscaping of the parkspace and later the Winter Garden was designed by M. Paul Friedberg.
In 1968, the New York State Legislature created the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) to oversee development. The New York State Urban Development Corporation and ten other public agencies were also involved in the development project. For the next several years, the BPCA made slow progress. In 1969, it unveiled a master plan for the area, and in 1972 issued $200 million in bonds to fund construction efforts. Landfill material from construction of the World Trade Center was used to add land. Cellular cofferdams were constructed to retain the material. By 1976 the landfill was completed; in many cases, the pre-existing piers were simply buried. Construction efforts ground to a halt for nearly two years beginning in 1977, as a result of city-wide financial hardships. In 1979, the title to the landfill was transferred from the city to the Battery Park City Authority, which financially restructured itself and created a new, more viable master plan, designed by Alex Cooper and Stanton Eckstut. The design of BPC to some degree reflects the values of vibrant city neighborhoods championed by Jane Jacobs. The Urban Land Institute (ULI) awarded the Battery Park City Master Plan its 2010 Heritage Award, for having "facilitated the private development of 9.3 million square feet of commercial space, 7.2 million square feet of residential space, and nearly 36 acres of open space in lower Manhattan, becoming a model for successful large-scale planning efforts and marking a positive shift away from the urban renewal mindset of the time."
During the late 1970s and early 1980s the site hosted Creative Time's landmark Art on the Beach sculpture exhibitions. On September 23, 1979, the landfill was the site of an anti-nuclear rally attended by 200,000 people.
Throughout the 1980s, the Battery Park City Authority oversaw a great deal of construction, including the entire Rector Place neighborhood and the river Esplanade. It was during this period that current City Planning Department Director Amanda Burden worked on Battery Park City. During the 1980s a total of 13 buildings were constructed. In the early 1990s, Battery Park City became the new home of the Stuyvesant High School. During the 1990s an additional 6 buildings were added to the neighborhood. By the turn of the 21st century, Battery Park City was mostly completed, with the exception of some ongoing construction on West Street.
Current residential neighborhoods of Battery Park City are divided into a north and south section, separated by the World Financial Center Complex. The southern section, extending down from the Winter Garden, is the more densely populated region, containing Gateway Plaza, and Rector Place apartment buildings. The northern section, although still under very large construction, consists entirely of large, 20-45 story buildings which are all various shades of orange brick.
The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks had a major impact on Battery Park City. The residents of lower Manhattan and particularly of Battery Park City were displaced for ten days . Parts of the community were an official crime-scene and therefore a few residents were unable to return to live or even collect property for a longer period of time. When they were finally allowed to return to Battery Park City, some residents of the Gateway Plaza complex reported their homes had been looted. Upon return the air in the area was still filled with toxic smoke from the World Trade Center fires that persisted until January 2002.
Gateway Plaza's 600 building, Hudson View East and, the then Parc Place, now Rector Square were punctured by airplane parts and severely contaminated. The Winter Garden and other portions of the World Financial Center were severely damaged. Environmental concerns regarding dust from the Trade Center were a source of concern for many residents, scientists, and elected officials. Since the attacks, the damage has been repaired. While a substantial portion of the area's residents moved away permanently, temporarily reduced rents and government subsidies helped restore residential occupancy in the years following the attacks.
1980s: 13 buildings, 9 residential and 4 commercial
1990s: 6 buildings, 5 residential and 1 commercial
2000s: 10 buildings, 6 residential, 3 mixed use and 1 commercial
2010s: 3 buildings, 1 commercial(completed) and 2 residential(under construction)
Big Apple Chimney“The Brownstone and Pre-War Specialists” are Fully, Licensed, Insured and Bonded, Chimney and Fireplace Contractors. Primarily Servicing Brooklyn and Manhattan in New York, We also service the New York Metropolitan Area. Our Chimney and Fireplace Experts Specialize in Chimneys and Fireplaces for Pre-War Era Buildings including Brownstones, Townhouses and Carriage Houses.
Big Apple Chimney’s Mechanics and Technicians have been in the Chimney & Fireplace business over 20 years. We are a Better Business Bureau (BBB) accredited business with an A rating since 2006.
Big Apple Chimney offers Complete Chimney and Fireplace Services, Masonry and Complete Historical Restoration Services. We employ Master Masons, Master Carpenters, Licensed Plumbers and Licensed Electricians.
“We will send the right people to do the job, correctly and to your complete satisfaction”.
Call Big Apple Chimney today at 212-785-9788 to speak to our Chimney and Fireplace Specialists and request a free estimate. We service all residential and commercial customers. We are Family Owned and Operated with locations in NYC and Brooklyn.
Please call 212-785-9788 for 24 hour emergency service regarding your chimney or fireplace. We correct all Violations, if your heat has been turned off due to bad conditions, such as a blockage, a carbon monoxide leak, a draft, flue spillage, leaking soot or water, etc. Our Emergency Service crew is guaranteed to restore your Boiler or Hot Water Heater after a turn off. We are fully qualified to repair and restore your heat in the case of a gas, oil or electric company shut-off! We can also restore your heat and hot water if the Fire Dept., E.P.A. or any other city, state or federal government agency has shut you down. We also provide a full range of inspection services (including but not limited to infra-red camera scanning, carbon monoxide detection), smoke and air flow testing services, reports and affidavits required by NYC Building Code.
(Big Apple Chimney combines their expert knowledge in NYC building code with their unequaled experience in brownstone and pre-war buildings to provide their clients with the best chimney and fireplace service in NYC.)